If two or more people agree to commit a crime, this can result in criminal conspiracy charges in Utah. An alleged offender could be charged with this crime even he or she unknowingly assisted one of the conspirators in the commission of the crime.
A person may be convicted of this criminal offense even if he or she did not actually commit a crime that had been discussed or the illegal activity was mostly undertaken by another person. A conviction can result in significant fines and imprisonment.
Salt Lake City Conspiracy Lawyer
Levitt Legal, PLLC can help you avoid severe penalties and consequences for your criminal conspiracy charge. Darren Levitt is an experienced and knowledgeable Salt Lake City conspiracy attorney who regularly defends clients all over Northern Utah against these charges.
Contact our firm today at (801) 455-1743 for a free consultation.
Utah Conspiracy Information Center
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Conspiracy Charges in Utah
Conspiracy is defined by Utah Code § 76-4-201 as agreeing with one or more other people to engage in or cause conduct that is criminalized. Typically this charge results when the government accuses you of assisting others in the commission of crimes. For example, if you organize a hunting trip and other people on the hunting trip commit crimes, you could be charged with conspiracy in relation to those crimes.
You can be charged with conspiracy even if you took no specific actions that are stand-alone criminal violations. A conviction of conspiracy charges requires the prosecution to prove that you intended for conduct constituting a crime to be performed, and generally requires the prosecution to prove that an overt act, or specific action, was taken either by you or another person in pursuance of the conspiracy. In some instances, no overt act is required for conviction on conspiracy charges, for example if the conspiracy charges are related to an alleged intention to commit:
- Capital murder
- Assault (and other conspiracies to harm a person)
You may also face conspiracy charges from the federal government for conspiracies and related acts occurring in Utah.
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Salt Lake County Conspiracy Penalties
Penalties for conviction of conspiracy in Utah vary widely, and depend on the severity of the crime that was the goal of the conspiracy. Generally, a conspiracy will be charged at one level lower than that of the related crime. Thus, a conspiracy to commit:
- A capital murder is a first degree felony;
- A first-degree felony is a second-degree felony (except for conspiracy to commit child kidnapping and some sexual offenses);
- A second-degree felony is a third-degree felony;
- A third-degree felony is a class A misdemeanor;
- A class A misdemeanor is a class B misdemeanor;
- A class B misdemeanor is a class C misdemeanor;
- A class C misdemeanor is punishable by a penalty not exceeding one half the penalty for a class C misdemeanor.
The exception to this rule is that conspiracy to commit some first-degree felonies will also be charged as a first degree felony, with a mandatory minimum of three years in prison, and conviction may even result in life in prison for a conspiracy charge. These penalties apply for a conviction of conspiracy to engage in:
- Child kidnapping
- Aggravated sexual assault
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Conspiracy as a Federal Crime in Utah
It is possible in Utah to be charged with conspiracy not only at the state level, but also in federal court. If you are charged under the general federal conspiracy law in Title 18 U.S Code § 371, you face a term of up to five years in addition to fines.
When facing conspiracy charges in federal court, an experienced attorney can provide guidance to you and help you select your best route, whether it is to accept a plea deal or go to a full trial. Levitt Legal, PLLC can also represent you through a federal appeal.
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Find a Conspiracy Lawyer in Salt Lake City
After being arrested or charged with conspiracy you should immediately make sure that you have skilled legal representation. Call Levitt Legal, PLLC today at (801) 455-1743 to have our firm review your case during a free, confidential consultation.